Learning about Language教学实录与评析

2019-05-09 15:51:00 | 283人点❤ | 1Y币
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Unit 3

Computers

Teaching goals: 1. Learn the new words and new language items in the text and their usages to get a better understanding of the text. 2. Enable students to master the usages of some important sentences. Main points: New language points and language items. Difficult points: Learn and use the new language points and language items. Teaching procedures: Step 1 Revision

Task 1 Revise the meaning of some new and technical words. Task 2 Revise the content, organization and structure of the text. Step 3 Language points:

1. calculate v. 1) to use numbers to find out a total amount, distance, etc.计算; 核算

2) to guess sth by using all the information available 推测; 估计

e.g.: We haven’t really calculated the cost of the vacation yet.

我们还没有确切的计算出度假要花多少钱。

It is impossible to calculate what influence he had on her life. 现在无法估计他对她的生活产生过多大影响。

calculator n.计算机, 计算器

以or结尾的词: visitor, survivor, competitor calculating adj. 斤斤计较个人得失的; 自私的

calculation n. 计算

常用词组calculate on = depend on 指望

e.g.: We are calculating on having fine weather for the sports meeting. 我们指望着运动会有好的天气。

2. simplify vt. to make sth. simple/easy to do 简化;使简明

e.g.: The application forms have now been simplified. 申请表格现在已经简化了。

That will simplify my task. 那会简化我的工作。

simple adj. 简单的,单一的

3. universal adj. 普遍的, 全体的, 通用的, 宇宙的, 世界的

universal machine 通用机器

universal language 通用语言

universal principle 普遍的原则

4. analytical adj.分析的, 解析的

analyze vt. 分析;研究

analysis n. 分析;研究

analyst n.

分析家

5. After I was programmed by an operator who used cards with holes, I could “think” logically and produce an answer quicker than any person.

在操作员用穿孔卡为我设计程序后,我能进行逻辑“思考”,并且能够比任何人更快地算出答案。

1) programme n. 程序表;节目单,

(演出)节目;要目,大纲; 规划,计划,打算

programme vt. 为…编制程序,使按程序工作

2) operate vt. 操作operator n. 操作员;接线员

operation n.

3) logic n.逻辑

logical adj.合逻辑的;合情理的

logically adv. 合逻辑地;逻辑上

6. technological revolution 技术革命

technology n. 工艺;科技;技术

technological adj. 科技的

7. artificial intelligence

人工智能

artificial adj. 人工的,人造的

artificial flowers/limbs/pearls

假花/假肢/假珍珠

intelligence n. 智力;聪明;智能

intelligent adj. 智能的;聪明的

8. solve vt. 解决, 解答; 调停

solution n.

find a solution to this problem solve a problem 解决问题

solve the difficulty of transportation 解决运输困难

9. from…on

从……起,从……以后(此句型中名词前不需要冠词)

搭配:from then/that time on 从那时起

from now on 从现在起

from morning to night 从早到晚

from 1984 to 1997 从1984年到1991年

e.g.: I have never spoken to him from then on. 从那时起我再没有和他说过话。

10. reality n.真实;事实;现实

real adj. 真的,真实的;名副其实的;真诚的

really adv. 事实上;真正地;确切,的确

realize vt. 理解,领会;认识到;实现;发生,产生

the objective reality 客观现实

in reality = in fact = as a matter of fact = actually/really 事实上,实际上

make sth. a reality 实现某事,落实

11. As time went by, I was made smaller.

1) 全句为复合句。as 引导时间状语从句,意为“随着”。

e.g.: As she grew older, she gradually knew the fact. 随着年龄的增长,她渐渐了解了真相。

2)go by = to pass 逝去;过去

e.g.: As time goes by/ on, everything here will disappear. 随着时间的推移,这里的每件事物都会消失。

Things will get easier as time goes by. 随着时间的推移,事情会慢慢的简单的。

The weeks went slowly by. 时间一周周的慢慢过去。

12. person n.

personal adj. 私人的;个人的;亲自的

personally adv. as far as I am concerned 就个人而言;亲自

e.g.: This is my personal affair/interest.

Personally speaking, I don’t care about who will go there.

Personally, I am against his suggestion.

13. As a result I totally changed my shape.

1) as a result 结果(与句子用逗号隔开)

as a result of 作为……的结果(接原因)

e.g.: It rained heavily last night. As a result, the village was flood.

The village was flooded as a result of heavy rain last night.

2) totally adv. = completely整个地;完全地

e.g.: They come from totally different cultures.

The town was totally destroyed in the earthquake.

total adj. 完全的; 整个的; n. 全部;总额

in total 总共

e.g.: The room was in total darkness.

The repairs came to over $500 in total.

14. Over time my memory had developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget any thing.

And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it! 句型:so… that…

如此……以致于……(可以与

too…to… 句型的相互转换)

e.g.: He is so old that he can’t carry the box.

= He is too old to carry the box. The stone is so heavy that no one can lift it.

此结构中的that从句表示结果。

比较: so that 既可以表结果,也可以表目的。

so...that...结构的so+形容词/副词位于句首时,句子用倒装结构。

e.g.: I got up early so that I could catch up the first bus. So hard does he work that he seldom goes home. 15. I was able to share my knowledge with others through the World Wide Web.

share sth. with sb. 与某人分享某物

share sth. among/between sb. 与某人平分某物

e.g.: Mary shares a house with three other students. 玛丽和另外三个学生合住一间房子。

Mother shared the cake among the children. 妈妈把蛋糕平分给了孩子们。

The two boy shared a room between them. 这两个男孩合住一个房间。

share in 分享;分担

e.g.: His daughter did not share in the happiness. 他的女儿不能分享这份幸福。

16. I have also been put into robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with medical operations.我还被放在机器人里面,被用于制作移动电话,并且用来帮助做医疗手术。

1) mobile adj.可移动的, 易变的, 机动的

n.运动物体

mobile phone 2) help (sb.) with sth. 协助(某人)做某事

e.g.: A man is helping the police with their enquiries.有一男子在协助警方进行调查。

3) as well as

“也,还,而且”

连词词组,可连接两个并列成分;侧重点在前一部分;连接两个主语时,句子谓语动词的形式应根据前一个主语确定。

e.g.: He grows flowers as well as vegetables.

She is a talented musician as well as being a photographer. We shall travel by night as well as by day. The teacher as well as some students was interested in the question. 4) 这个句子是现在完成时被动语态,其结构是

(have/has +been + 过去分词)

e.g.: The radio has been repaired when we phoned the shop. 21. explore vt. & vi.探险, 探测, 探究

exploration n.

e.g.: Scientists have explored every possibility. 系统地研究每一个可能性

China has made a plan to explore outer space. These are the scientists who have been known to explore in this region of the earth. They lunched rockets to explore space.

17. Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality.不管怎样,我的目标是为人类提供高质量的生活。

1) anyhow 无论如何

e.g.: Anyhow, you can try. 无论如何你可以试试。

I don’t care what you say; I’m going to do it anyhow.

比较: somehow

意为“以某种方式;不知

怎么地”

2) provide sb. with sth. 给某人提供某物

= provide sth. for sb.

e.g.: The sun provides us with light and heat. = The sun provides light and heat for us.

They provide food and clothing for the poor. 16. I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race!现在我充满了幸福感,因为我是人类忠实的朋友和帮手!

1)本句为主从复合句,that引导的从句是抽象名词happiness的同位语从句。that 在从句中不担当成分,也没有词义,但不能省略。

2)happy adj.

happiness n. 幸福;快乐

unhappy adj. unhappiness n. 3)devoted adj. 挚爱的,忠诚的;全心全意的

devote oneself to sth./sb. 献身于某物/某人,致力于某事/某人

devote sth./sb. to sth./sb. 把某事物/某人奉献于某事物/某人

e.g.: They devoted their life to their children.

a devoted son/friend/fan 孝子/忠诚的朋友/狂热的崇拜者

Step 4 Homework

Go through the text and the language points to see if there are still some difficult points and ask the teacher for help. 课后反思:_______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ _______________________

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